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Recent Publications


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Zoanetti, J., Young, J., Nielsen, T. D. (2024). A scoping review of the risked posed by companion animals to older adults. Anthrozoös, 1-17.



Arbe Montoya, A.I., Matthew, S.M., Jarden, A., Hazel, S.J., McArthur, M.L. (2023). The moral deliberation pathway in veterinary practice: a qualitative study. Veterinary Record, e3173.

Atkinson, P.J., O'Handley, R., Nielsen, T., Caraguel, C.G. (2023). Relative diagnostic accuracy of point-of-care tests to rule-in Dirofilaria immitis infection in clinically suspect dogs: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 217, 105970.


Clay, J.M., Fontana, B.D., Proserpio, C., Fernandez, E.J., Pagliarini, E., Lopes, F., López-Moreno, J.A., Canales, J.J., Loyant, L., Doron, R., Stafford, L.D., Parker, M.O. (2023). Drinking during social isolation: investigating associations between stress, inhibitory control, boredom, drinking motives, and alcohol use. Addiction Research and Theory, 31 (1), 16-28.


Costa, A.G., Nielsen, T., Christley, R., Hazel, S. (2023). The Good, the Bad, the Helpful: Qualitative Exploration of the Australian Puppy-Raising Experience Through Longitudinal Surveys Anthrozoos, 36 (5), 869-890.


Edwards, P.T., Smith, B.P., McArthur, M.L., Hazel, S.J. (2023). Implementing Stress-Reducing Veterinary Care: Perceptions of Australian Veterinary Professionals Working with Dogs. Anthrozoos, 36 (4), pp. 555-578.


Fernandez, E. J., & McWhorter, T. J. (2023). Who reviews what you do at the zoo? Considerations for research ethics with captive exotic animals. Research Ethics, 17470161231188615.


Fernandez, E.J., Anderson, W., Kowalski, A. (2023). Evaluation of an automated response-independent schedule on the behavioral welfare of shelter dogs. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 120 (1), 50-61.


Fernandez, E.J., Martin, A.L. (2023). Applied behavior analysis and the zoo: Forthman and Ogden (1992) thirty years later. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 56 (1), 29-54.


Fountain, J., & McDonald, P. G. (2022). Do differences in the availability of anthropogenic food resources influence the observed levels of agonistic behaviour in Noisy Miners (Manorina melanocephala)?. Emu-Austral Ornithology, 122(1), 61-70.


Goncalves Costa, A., Nielsen, T., Christley, R., Hazel, S. (2023). Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory applied to puppy development: A new approach to understanding and researching puppy raising. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 61, 1-7.


Henning, J., Nielsen, T., Fernandez, E., Hazel, S. (2023). Cats just want to have fun: Associations between play and welfare in domestic cats. Animal Welfare, 32, e9.


Henning, J.S.L., Costa, A.G., Fernandez, E.J. (2023). Shifting attitudes on animal ‘ownership’: Ethical implications for welfare research and practice terminology. Research Ethics, 17470161231186060.


Ingvarsson, E.T., Fernandez, E.J. (2023). Bridging the gap between laboratory and applied research on response-independent schedules. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 56 (1), 55-77.


McDowall, S., Hazel, S.J., Chittleborough, C., Hamilton-Bruce, A., Stuckey, R., Howell, T.J. (2023). The Impact of the Social Determinants of Human Health on Companion Animal Welfare. Animals, 13 (6), 1113.


McDowall, S., Hazel, S.J., Cobb, M., Hamilton-Bruce, A. (2023). Understanding the Role of Therapy Dogs in Human Health Promotion. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (10), 5801.


Novack, L.I., Schnell-Peskin, L., Feuerbacher, E., Fernandez, E.J. (2023). The Science and Social Validity of Companion Animal Welfare: Functionally Defined Parameters in a Multidisciplinary Field. Animals, 13 (11), 1850.


Tay, C., McWhorter, T.J., Xie, S., Mohd Nasir, T.S.B., Reh, B., Fernandez, E.J. (2023). A comparison of staff presence and signage on zoo visitor behavior Zoo Biology, 42 (3), 407-415.


Taylor, T.L., Smith, B.P., Hazel, S.J. (2023). Guardians’ perceptions of caring for a dog with canine cognitive dysfunction. Veterinary Record, e3266.

Taylor T.L., Fernandez, E.J., Handley, K.N., Hazel, S.J., (2023) Non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of canine cognitive dysfunction: a scoping review. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 


Zoanetti, J., Nielsen, T. D., Tuke, J., Young, J., & Hazel, S. (2023). Australian veterans’ experience of pet ownership: Benefits, costs, and moderating factors. Human-Animal Interactions, 11, 1.




Ali, A., Mehmood, S., Ullah, I., Fernandez, E.J., Khan, M.N., Ullah, M., Saleem, K., Osama, M., Shahzad, F., Spooner, S.L. (2022). Pakistan Zoo Visitors’ Perceptions toward Zoos and Large Native Carnivores. Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 3 (4), 665-676.


Brereton, J.E., Fernandez, E.J. (2022). Investigating Unused Tools for the Animal Behavioral Diversity Toolkit. Animals, 12 (21), 2984.


Brereton, J.E., Tuke, J., Fernandez, E.J. (2022). A simulated comparison of behavioural observation sampling methods. Scientific Reports, 12 (1), 3096.


Chaber, A.-L., Hazel, S., Matthews, B., Withers, A., Alvergnat, G., Grandjean, D., Caraguel, C. (2022). Evaluation of canine detection of COVID-19 infected individuals under controlled settings. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 69 (5), e1951-e1958.


Edwards, P.T., Smith, B.P., McArthur, M.L., Hazel, S.J. (2022). Puppy pedicures: Exploring the experiences of Australian dogs to nail trims. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 255, 105730.


Edwards, P.T., Smith, B.P., McArthur, M.L., Hazel, S.J. (2022). At the heart of a dog's veterinary experience: Heart rate responses in dogs vary across a standard physical examination. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 51,  23-34.


Fernandez, E.J. (2022). Training as enrichment: A critical review. Animal Welfare, 31 (1), 1-12.


Henning, J.S.L., Fernandez, E.J., Nielsen, T., Hazel, S. (2022). Play and welfare in domestic cats: Current knowledge and future directions. Animal Welfare, 31 (4), 407-421.


Henning, J.S.L., Nielsen, T., Fernandez, E., Hazel, S. (2022). Factors associated with play behavior in human-cat dyads. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 52-53, 21-30.


Heyward, C.L., Hazel, S., Peacock, R., Nielsen, T. (2022). Characteristics and outcomes of dog attacks to dogs and cats in Melbourne, Australia: A retrospective study of 459 cases (2018). Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 201, 105609.


Lattal, K.A., Fernandez, E.J. (2022). Grounding applied animal behavior practices in the experimental analysis of behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 118 (2), 186-207.


Northey, E.J., Craft, B.B., Fernandez, E.J. (2022). Effects of New Seal Introductions on Conspecific and Visitor Activity. Animals, 12 (21), 2962.


Sanders, K., Fernandez, E.J. (2022). Behavioral Implications of Enrichment for Golden Lion Tamarins: A Tool for Ex Situ Conservation. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 25 (3), 214-223.




Arbe Montoya, A.I., Hazel, S.J., Hebart, M.L., McArthur, M.L. (2021). Risk factors associated with veterinary attrition from clinical practice: a descriptive study. Australian Veterinary Journal, 99 (11), 495-501.


Arbe Montoya, A.I., Hazel, S.J., Matthew, S.M., McArthur, M.L. (2021). Why do veterinarians leave clinical practice? A qualitative study using thematic analysis. Veterinary Record, 188 (1), 49-58.


Chaber, A.-L., Amstrong, K.N., Wiantoro, S., Xerri, V., Caraguel, C., Boardman, W.S.J., Nielsen, T.D. (2021). Bat E-Commerce: Insights Into the Extent and Potential Implications of This Dark Trade. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 8, 651304.


Dal Grande, E., Caraguel, C., Lee, S.J., Nielsen, T.D. (2021). Impacts of major health conditions affecting the Australian sheepmeat value chain: a review. Australian Veterinary Journal, 99 (1-2), 32-39.


Endenburg, N., Takashima, G., van Lith, H.A., Bacon, H., Hazel, S.J., Jouppi, R., Lee, N.Y.P., Seksel, K., Ryan, S. (2021). Animal Welfare Worldwide, the Opinion of Practicing Veterinarians. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 24 (3), 215-237.


Fernandez, E.J. (2021). Appetitive search behaviors and stereotypies in polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Behavioural Processes, 182, 104299.


Fernandez, E.J., & Chiew, S.J. (2021). Animal-visitor interactions: Effects, experiences, and welfare. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 8, 462-467.


Fernandez, E.J., Dorey, N.R. (2021). An Examination of Shaping with an African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 24 (4), 372-378.


Fernandez, E.J., Martin, A.L. (2021). Animal Training, Environmental Enrichment, and Animal Welfare: A History of Behavior Analysis in Zoos. Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 2 (4), pp. 531-543.


Fernandez, E.J., Myers, M., Hawkes, N.C. (2021). The Effects of Live Feeding on Swimming Activity and Exhibit Use in Zoo Humboldt Penguins (Spheniscus humboldti). Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 2 (1), 88-100.


Fernandez, E.J., Rosales-Ruiz, J. (2021). A Comparison of Fixed-Time Food Schedules and Shaping Involving a Clicker for Halter Behavior in a Petting Zoo Goat. Psychological Record, 71 (3), 487-491.


Fernandez, E.J., Upchurch, B., Hawkes, N.C. (2021). Public feeding interactions as enrichment for three zoo-housed elephants. Animals, 11 (6), 1689.


French, F., Williams, L., Charles Coe, J., Single, L., Fernandez, E., Flynn Martin, C. (2021). ReptileJam 2021: Designing Enrichment for Reptiles in Captivity: This is a proposal for a ZooJam workshop around the theme of designing tech-enabled enrichment opportunities for zoo-housed and domestic reptiles. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 20.


Henning, J., Nielson, T., Nettifee, J., Muñana, K., Hazel, S. (2021). Understanding the impacts of feline epilepsy on cats and their owners. Veterinary Record, 189 (11), e836.


Learmonth, M.J., Chiew, S.J., Godinez, A., & Fernandez, E.J. (2021). Animal-visitor interactions and the visitor experience: What can we learn from zoo visitor learning? Animal Behavior and Cognition, 8, 632-649.


Littlewood, K.E., Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J., Stephens, C., Collins, T., Quain, A., Hazel, S., Lloyd, J.K.F., Mallia, C., Richards, L., Wedler, N.K., Zito, S. (2021). How decision-making about euthanasia for animals is taught to Australasian veterinary students. Australian Veterinary Journal, 99 (8), 334-343.


McArthur, M.L., Learey, T.J., Jarden, A., Van Gelderen, I., Hazel, S.J., Cake, M.A., Mansfield, C.F., Zaki, S., Matthew, S.M. (2021). Resilience of veterinarians at different career stages: The role of self-efficacy, coping strategies and personal resources for resilience in veterinary practice. Veterinary Record, 189 (12), e771.


Moloney, G.K., Tuke, J., Grande, E.D., Nielsen, T., Chaber, A.-L. (2021). Is YouTube promoting the exotic pet trade? Analysis of the global public perception of popular YouTube videos featuring threatened exotic animals. PLoS ONE, 16, e0235451.




Costa, A.G., Nielsen, T., Dal Grande, E., Tuke, J., Hazel, S. (2020). Regulatory compliance in online dog advertisements in Australia. Animals, 10 (3), 425.


Fernandez, E.J. (2020). Training petting zoo sheep to act like petting zoo sheep: An empirical evaluation of response-independent schedules and shaping with negative reinforcement. Animals, 10 (7), 1122, 1-13.


Fernandez, E.J., Ramirez, M., Hawkes, N.C. (2020). Activity and pool use in relation to temperature and water changes in zoo hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious). Animals, 10 (6), 1022, 1-11.


Fernandez, E.J., Timberlake, W. (2020). Superstition revisited: Sex, species, and adventitious reinforcement. Behavioural Processes, 170, 103979.


Fernandez, E.J., Yoakum, E., Andrews, N. (2020). Seasonal and Daily Activity of Two Zoo-Housed Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 1 (1), 1-12.


Fountain, J., Hazel, S.J., Ryan, T., Taylor, P.S. (2020). Operant learning is disrupted when opioid reward pathways are blocked in the domesticated hen. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 232, 105105.


Hazel, S. (2020). Implementing a strategy to improve animal welfare in clinical practice - Lessons from the PDSA's approach. Veterinary Record, 187 (8), 313-315.


Hunter, T., van Rooy, D., McArthur, M., Bennett, S., Tuke, J., Hazel, S. (2020). Mental health disease or preventable problem? Australian dog trainers’ opinions about canine separation anxiety differ with training style. Animals, 10 (8), 1393, 1-15.


Littlewood, K.E., Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J., Stephens, C., Collins, T., Fawcett, A., Hazel, S., Lloyd, J.K.F., Mallia, C., Richards, L., Wedler, N.K., Zito, S. (2020). How management of grief associated with ending the life of an animal is taught to Australasian veterinary students. Australian Veterinary Journal, 98 (8), 356-363.


Lloyd, J.K.F., Collins, T., Cornish, A.R., Degeling, C., Fawcett, A., Fisher, A.D., Freire, R., Hazel, S.J., Hood, J., Johnson, J., Phillips, C.J.C., Stafford, K.J., Tzioumis, V., McGreevy, P.D. (2020). Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students’ Ranking of Issues in Aquatic Animal Welfare and Ethics. Anthrozoos, 33 (3), 325-337.


McGreevy, P.D., Fawcett, A., Johnson, J., Freire, R., Collins, T., Degeling, C., Fisher, A.D., Hazel, S.J., Hood, J., Lloyd, J.K.F., Phillips, C.J.C., Stafford, K., Hyde, M.L., Wilson, B., Tzioumis, V. (2020). Review of the online one welfare portal: Shared curriculum resources for veterinary undergraduate learning and teaching in animal welfare and ethics. Animals, 10 (8), 1341, 1-16.


Montrose, V.T., Squibb, K., Hazel, S., Kogan, L.R., Oxley, J.A. (2020). Dog bites dog: The use of news media articles to investigate dog-on-dog aggression. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 40, 7-15.




Edwards, P.T., Hazel, S.J., Browne, M., Serpell, J.A., McArthur, M.L., Smith, B.P. (2019). Investigating risk factors that predict a dog’s fear during veterinary consultations. PLoS ONE, 14 (7), e0215416.


Edwards, P.T., Smith, B.P., McArthur, M.L., Hazel, S.J. (2019). Fearful Fido: Investigating dog experience in the veterinary context in an effort to reduce distress. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 213, 14-25.


Fawcett, A., Hazel, S., Collins, T., Degeling, C., Fisher, A., Freire, R., Hood, J., Johnson, J., Lloyd, J., Phillips, C., Stafford, K., Tzioumis, V., McGreevy, P. (2019). Australian and New Zealand veterinary students' opinions on animal welfare and ethical issues concerning animal use within sport, recreation, and display. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 46 (2), 264-272.


Fernandez, E.J., Kinley, R.C., Timberlake, W. (2019). Training penguins to interact with enrichment devices for lasting effects. Zoo Biology, 38 (6), 481-489.


Fernandez, E.J., Timberlake, W. (2019). Foraging devices as enrichment in captive walruses (Odobenus rosmarus). Behavioural Processes, 168, 103943.


Fernandez, E.J., Timberlake, W. (2019). Selecting and Testing Environmental Enrichment in Lemurs. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2119.


Glencorse, D., Plush, K., Hazel, S., D’souza, D., Hebart, M. (2019). Impact of non-confinement accommodation on farrowing performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis of farrowing crates versus pens. Animals, 9 (11), 957.


Godinez, A.M., Fernandez, E.J. (2019). What is the zoo experience? How zoos impact a visitor's behaviors, perceptions, and conservation efforts. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1746.


Hazel, S.J., Kogan, L.R., Montrose, V.T., Hebart, M.L., Oxley, J.A. (2019). Restraint of dogs in vehicles in the US, UK and Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 170, 104714.


Kogan, L.R., Hazel, S.J., Oxley, J.A. (2019). A pilot study of Australian pet owners who engage in social media and their use, experience and views of online pet health information. Australian Veterinary Journal, 97 (11), 433-439.


Kogan, L.R., Oxley, J.A., Hazel, S.J. (2019). Pilot study of Australian veterinarians and their perceptions and experiences related to online pet health information. Australian Veterinary Journal, 97 (1-2), 10-13.


Mcarthur, M.L., Matthew, S.M., Brand, C.P.B., Andrews, J., Fawcett, A., Hazel, S. (2019). Cross-sectional analysis of veterinary student coping strategies and stigma in seeking psychological help. Veterinary Record, 184 (23), 709.


Montoya, A.I.A., Hazel, S., Matthew, S.M., McArthur, M.L. (2019).

Moral distress in veterinarians, Veterinary Record, 185 (20), 631.


Norris, J.M., Heller, J., Gibson, J.S., Hardefeldt, L.Y., Hyndman, T.H., Nielsen, T.D., Ward, M.P., Govendir, M., Chambers, J.P., Browning, G.F., Wingett, K., Britton, S. (2019). Development of a veterinary antimicrobial stewardship online training program for Australian veterinarians: a national collaborative effort. Australian Veterinary Journal, 97 (8), 290-291.


Ryan, S., Bacon, H., Endenburg, N., Hazel, S., Jouppi, R., Lee, N., Seksel, K., Takashima, G. (2019). WSAVA Animal Welfare Guidelines. The Journal of small animal practice, 60 (5), E1-E46.


Spee, L.B., Hazel, S.J., Dal Grande, E., Boardman, W.S.J., Chaber, A.-L. (2019). Endangered exotic pets on social media in the middle east: Presence and impact. Animals, 9 (8), 480.


Stafford, K., Collins, T., Degeling, C., Freire, R., Hazel, S., Johnson, J., Lloyd, J., Phillips, C., Fisher, A., Tzioumis, V., Mcgreevy, P. (2019). Veterinary students' opinions on their required competence in dealing with welfare and ethics issues pertaining to wildlife. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 50 (3), 659-664.

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